The Dark Light of Perverted Science
SS-Oberführer Oskar Dirlewanger
Waffen-SS officer commanding SS-Sonderkommando Dirlewanger
DIRLEWANGER, OSKAR, DOB 26/9/1895, Wurzburg, Germany. Infantry Officer Deutsches Heer 1914-1918; Iron Cross 1st and 2nd class 1914-1918. Wounded in action ten times. Freikorps 1919-1922, fought in Ruhr, Saxony, and Upper Silesia. PhD Political Science, University of Frankfurt 1922. Joined NSDAP 1923, later expelled and rejoined. Convicted of the rape of a 13-year-old BdM girl in 1934, stripped of titles and honors and sentenced to two years in Welzheim concentration camp. Convicted again upon release in 1936, pardoned and sent to Spain as SS-Colonel. Condor Legion in Spain, 1936-1939, wounded three times. Doctorate restored, 1939. Commanded SS-Dirlewanger battalion on anti-partisan duties in Poland, 1940-1942. Received second Iron Crosses 1st and 2nd class, 1942. Anti-partisan operations in Belarus, 1943; 14,000 partisans claimed killed, 950 weapons captured. Unit suffered heavy casualties against Red Army, January 1944, recalled to Normandy for special assignment.